Lighting plays an important role in photography. This can give the impression of life, producing effects, including a spectacular shadows or silhouettes, or may have a negative effect which is obviously not desirable, creating glare or reflections.
The first section addresses one of the most fundamental issues, namely the difference between shooting with hard light and soft Light.
Hard light produces a good picture definition, shadows and tend to come from a single light source, which is usually a source of small or far away. In contrast, soft light produces soft shadows or no shadows at all. It can be produced from several sources of light, the light that spreads using some kind of a barrier (such as a diffuser or even just a piece of paper), or by bouncing light from different surfaces so that the subject is exposed to light from different angles.
Under conditions of natural lighting, Hard light is produced when the sunny weather when there is little or no cloud at all, and when the sun is high – which is generally something to be avoided, especially for beginners. Shooting at other weather conditions, such as cloudy, foggy conditions, or even where there is air pollution, will produce soft light, where sunlight is reflected or transmitted by the particles in the air (humidity, pollution, etc).
Soft Light, on the other hand can be made using:
Reflector: The movement reflected light will basically change the reflector into secondary light source. Anything can be used as a reflector, either indoors or outdoors shooting. This includes professional reflector or just a sheet of paper.
Diffusers: In the natural lighting conditions, the cloud is a great example of diffusers. Under conditions of artificial lighting, semi-transparent material that reflects or soften the light can be used, even if in a pinch, a piece of thin white cloth can be used as fusser.
Both types of lighting has its own advantages and disadvantages. Hard Light can be applied to take a picture with sharp contrast and highlight, emphasize the shape and texture. It can be used to enhance the 3D effect of an image and in general creating a dramatic effect. However, it is difficult to capture with these lighting techniques, and is generally considered unsuitable for a variety of situations, especially when photographing people.
In contrast, light soft lighting creates a better way to describe the color and shape of the subject. Selection of type of lights to use, depending on the type of photography, the subject, and the desired effect, but the soft light is usually the preferred option, and certainly is the safest option for beginners
For technical and other types of lighting in photography I will explain in the next article