Usually parents rarely think about their cholesterol levels in children. Whereas high levels of cholesterol in children can lead to heart disease and stroke as young adults.
High levels of cholesterol in childhood is rarely reported as one of the health problems. Problems associated with high cholesterol levels are also rarely discussed until now, so the link between children’s health and cholesterol are often overlooked. Yet efforts to control cholesterol levels in children is a very important thing, especially for those whose parents have high cholesterol levels.
Cholesterol is a fat that is produced in the liver and used by the body to form cell walls and some specific hormones. Cholesterol can not work alone in the body, because it? should join the protein to be able to move the blood circulation. Cholesterol and protein will work together and called lipoproteins.
There are two types of lipoproteins in the body, namely:
Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL), also known as bad cholesterol. If too much in the blood, it can clog the artery walls in the heart and brain.
High-Density Lipoprotein (HDL), also known as good cholesterol. HDL carries cholesterol away from the arteries back to the liver.
High levels of LDL in the blood will be at risk for heart disease and stroke, whereas high levels of HDL in the blood can actually help protect the blood circulation system.
High cholesterol levels in children can be caused by a diet high in fat, the history of the parents, and overweight or obesity. Cholesterol screening in children can be started at the age of two years, especially for children who have a high risk of cholesterol.
Total cholesterol levels for children up to age 2 to 9 years are as follows:
Normally, if total cholesterol is less than 170 mg / dl
Border-line, when total cholesterol is 170-199 mg / dl
High, when total cholesterol is over 200 mg / dl